Friday, 1 February 2013

Great Plague

The Great Plague was the last major epidemic of the bubonic plague to occur in the Kingdom of England.

It happened within the centuries-long time period of the Second Pandemic, an extended period of intermittent bubonic plague epidemics which began in Europe in 1347, the first year of the Black Death, and lasted until 1750.

Black Death in London

The Great Plague killed an estimated 100,000 people, about 15% of London's population.

Bubonic plague is a disease caused by the Yersinia pestis bacterium, which is usually transmitted through the bite of an infected rat flea.

Dance of Death

The 1664–1666 epidemic was on a far smaller scale than the earlier Black Death pandemic but was caused by a particularly virulent strain of the disease.It was remembered afterwards as the great plague mainly because it was the last widespread outbreak of bubonic plague in England during the four-hundred-year timespan of the Second Pandemic.

Ludgate in flames

The Great Fire of London destroyed much of the City of London, but a fire put an end to the epidemic.