Tuesday, 10 September 2013

World Suicide Prevention Day

World Suicide Prevention Day is observed on September 10 each year to promote worldwide action to prevent suicides.

Death of Anna Karenina. 1914 film

On this day, numerous events, conferences, campaigns and local activities call to public attention one of the world’s largest causes of premature and unnecessary death as suicide.

The aim of these activities is to promote increased awareness about the problem of suicide and the many ways in which we can work to reduce suicide rates and the incidence of suicidal behaviours.

Leonardo Alenza. Satire on Romantic Suicide

The International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP), collaborates with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Federation for Mental Health, to host World Suicide Prevention Day.

Rubens. Cleopatra... A suicide by Snake

In 2011 an estimated 40 countries held awareness events to mark the occasion. The United Nations issued National Policy for Suicide Prevention in the 1990s which some countries use as a basis for their suicide policies.

Octave Tassaert. An Unfortunate Family (1852)

In 2012 South Korea, Russia and Lithuania had the highest suicide rate in the World.

Advocacy of suicide has occurred in many cultures and subcultures. The Japanese military during World War II encouraged and glorified kamikaze attacks, which were suicide attacks by military aviators from the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific theatre of World War II.

Sati, self-immolation of a widows, was banned in 1829 by the British. But it is still being practiced but rarely in Indian villages.

Sati in India

However Christianity and Judaism prohibit a suicide... Also a suicide is not allowed in Islam.