Tuesday, 5 November 2013

Sitka

November 5, 1913 small Alaskan town of Sitka was incorporated and became the City of Sitka.

Russian House, 1907

Sitka's location was originally settled by the Tlingit people over 10,000 years ago. In 1799 Russians founded a settlement which named Novoarhangelsk (literally New Arhalgelsk).

In 1867 Russian America was sold to the United States and the town was renamed.

Russian Orthodox Church, 1900s

Since December 1971 Sitka is a unified city-borough located on Baranof Island and the southern half of Chichagof Island. It is a one of the most important settlements on the Alaska Panhandle.

Chichagof Island

Sitka has an oceanic climate with mild winter and cold summer. Average annual precipitation is 2,200 mm, and the mean annual temperature is +7.4°C.

Bird's Eye View

On October 18, 1972 Sitka National Historical Park was established to commemorate the Tlingit and Russian experiences in Alaska. There is a part of the Tongass National Forest, the largest national forest in the United States, in Sitka borough. Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1980 with 2,400 islands, headlands, rocks, islets, spires and reefs from the Aleutian Islands in the west and Forrester Island in the southern Alaska Panhandle in the east.

Entrance with totems

Today Sitka is the largest city-borough in the United States with a land area of 7,434.1 km2.